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              年薪50萬的運維工程師學習成長路線

              最近看到了一篇新聞,linux之父建議找一份基于linux和開源環境的工作,確實,這已經是未來的大趨勢了。今天就來聊一聊我的想法,本人8年linux運維一線經驗,呆過很多互聯網公司,從一線運維做到運維架構師一職,也見證了中國運維行業從無人問津到可圈可點的整個演變過程。Linux系統目前主要應用在企業服務器上,學習linux,更多的是向linux系統/運維工程師方向進軍。比如云計算系統工程師,大數據運維工程師,運維開發工程師其職位都是linux運維工程師的進階。下面就整體介紹下,作為過來人,怎么學習linux,以及linux入門和學習的路線。目前發現馬哥linux運維培訓課程非常不錯,我就以其為藍本,跟大家介紹下linux學習路線

              年薪50萬的運維工程師學習成長路線

              圖片1.jpg
              年薪50萬的運維工程師學習成長路線

              圖片2.jpg

              運維學習需要分為四個階段,linux初級入門-àlinux中級進階-àlinux高級提升,和資深方向細化。
              第一階段:初級入門
              初級階段需要把linux學習路線搞清楚,任何學習都是循序漸進的,所以學linux也是需要有一定的路線。
              個人建議學習的路線如下:
              初級入門:
              1、Linux基礎知識、基本命令(起源、組成、常用命令如cp、ls、file、mkdir等常見操作命令)
              2、Linux用戶及權限基礎
              3、Linux系統進程管理進階
              4、linux高效文本、文件處理命令(vim、grep、sed、awk、find等命令)
              5、shell腳本入門(可邊練習邊學習)
              第二階段:中級進階
              中級進階需要在充分了解linux原理和基礎知識之后,對上層的應用和服務進行深入學習,其中說到服務肯定涉及到網絡的相關知識,是需要花時間學習的。
              1、TCP/IP網絡基礎(差不多CCNA、NP的知識就夠用)
              2、Linux企業常用服務(如dns、http、ftp、mail、nfs等)
              3、Linux企業級安全原理和防范技巧(系統性能/安全、安全威脅模型和保護方法
              4、 加密/解密原理及數據安全、系統服務訪問控制及服務安全基礎
              5、iptables安全策略構建
              6、shell腳本進階(主要是結合一些應用,寫一些案例)
              7、MySQL應用原理及管理入門(能管理和搭建一個個人博客站點)
              學到這里,掌握的基本技能,已經夠用了,已經能做一些基礎的運維工作和簡單維護了。
              第三階段:高級提升
              1、http服務代理緩存加速(其中主要學習varnish、nginx緩存系統,要對CDN的知識有所了解。)
              2、企業級負載集群(其中主要學習nginx、haproxy、lvs要對主要知識熟練掌握,對負載均衡算法有清晰認識,)
              3、企業級高可用集群 (其中需要對keepalived,heartbeat等進行深入講解)
              4、運維監控zabbix詳解(主要是zabbix、cacti、nagios等監控系統,現在用的比較多的是zabbix)
              5、運維自動化學習(需要學一些開源運維自動化工具的使用如ansible、puppet、cobbler等運維自動化工具)
              能掌握到這里,基本能處理搞定很多工作了,可以去面試高級運維工程師,差不多薪資能達到12-18K左右
              第四階段:資深方向進階
              1、 大數據方向(需要對hadoop、storm等常見開源大數據系統需要深入了解)
              2、 云計算方向(主要是openstack這套東西,當然像一些kvm等虛擬化技術,也是需要掌握的,現在docker也比較流行)
              3、 運維開發(主要是python運維開發)
              4、 自動化運維(在之前自動化基礎上做深入)
              5、 運維架構師(主要需要廣度,差不多5年左右以上經驗,可以擔當此職位)

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